kurdish population in turkey
Kurds in Turkey refers to people born in or residing in Turkey who are of Kurdish origin. The Kurds are the largest ethnic minority in Turkey. According to various estimates, they compose between 15% and 20% of the population of Turkey.
In the 1930s, the Kurds constituted about 9 percent of the population of Turkey, and though they had higher birth rates than the Turks it still took until the 1990s until they reached the 18 percent level. Since it takes a long time, underlying forces can change in the meanwhile.
The Kurdish population. According to several surveys, 86% of them are Kurds, the remainder being Arab minorities (Urfa , Mardin, Siirt) and Turkish (mainly military, police and civil servants), as well as Syriacs and Armenians. So in 2016 there are about 12.2 million Kurds still living in Kurdistan in Turkey.
The Turkish newspaper Milliyet has reported in 2008 that the Kurdish population in Turkey is 18.6 million; although this also includes 3 million Zazas. According to the World Factbook, Kurdish people make up 18% of Turkey’s population (about 21 million, out of 77.8 million people).
Kurdish Repression in Turkey. The Kurds, a group of approximately 18 million people, are the fourth largest ethnic group in the Middle East. Occupying a region of 500,000 square miles in Iran, Iraq, Syria, Turkey and the USSR, the Kurds are one of the most persecuted minorities of our time. Nowhere is their future more threatened than in Turkey
Turks constituted the overwhelming majority, about 80 percent of the total population, followed by the Kurds, who speak the Zazaki and Kurmanji languages and are estimated at 18 percent of the total population. (In 1927, the total Turkish population increased to 13,648,270, of whom 1,184,446 stated that Kurdish was their mother tongue.